ADHD

ADHDFew people know it, but Emma Watson is reached of a disease, the ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). I immediately reassure the fans : this disease is absolutely not dangerous.Description of the ADHD : (source :wikipédia)    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is generally considered to be a developmental disorder, largely neurological in nature, affecting 3–5 percent of the population. The disorder is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. ADHD initially appears in childhood and manifests itself with symptoms such as hyperactivity, forgetfulness, poor impulse control, and distractibility. ADHD is currently considered to be a persistent and chronic condition for which no medical cure is available. ADHD is most commonly diagnosed in children and, over the past decade, has been increasingly diagnosed in adults. It is believed that around 60% of children diagnosed with ADHD retain the disorder as adults. Studies show that there is a familial transmission of the disorder which does not occur through adoptive relationships. Twin studies indicate that the disorder is highly heritable and that genetics contribute for about three quarters of the total ADHD population. While the majority of ADHD is believed to be genetic in nature, roughly about 1/5 of all ADHD cases are thought to be acquired after conception due to brain injury caused by either toxins or physical trauma prenatally or postnatally.    According to a majority of medical research in the United States, as well as other countries, ADHD is today generally regarded to be a non-curable disorder for which, however, some effective treatments are available. Over 200 controlled studies have shown that stimulant medication is an effective way to treat the symptoms of ADHD. Methods of treatment usually involve some combination of medication, behaviour modification, life style changes, or counselling. Certain social critics are skeptical that the diagnosis denotes a genuine impairment or disability. The symptoms of ADHD are not as profoundly different from normal behavior as is often seen with other mental disorders. Still, ADHD has been shown to be impairing in life functioning in several settings and many negative life outcomes are associated with ADHD.

Treatment :

    There are several clinically proven effective options available to treat people diagnosed with ADHD. ADHD is treated most effectively, and cost efficiently, with medication. Psychotherapy is another option, with or without medication.    Comorbid disorders or substance abuse can make finding the proper diagnosis and the right overal treatment more costly and time-consuming. In the case of certain comorbidities such as Depression or an Anxiety disorder, psychosocial therapies have been shown to be a more effective combined treatment with medication than when ADHD is only present.

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